Details for 880101 - Coral reefs of the world - Atlantic and eastern Pacific - IUCN
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Name880101 - Coral reefs of the world - Atlantic and eastern Pacific - IUCN
DescriptionCoral reefs are tropical, shallow water ecosystems, largely restricted to the area between the latitudes 30°N and 30°S. The exact areal extent of coral reefs in the world is unknown and extremely difficult to estimate. However,
Smith (1978) has produced a figure of 600 000 sq. km for reefs to a depth of 30m. Under this analysis, about 14% occur in the Caribbean Sea, 1% in the South Atlantic and a further small percentage in the Eastern Pacific (Smith, 1978). They rank as among the most biologically productive and diverse of all natural ecosystems, their high productivity stemming from their efficient biological recycling, high retention of nutrients and their structure
which provides habitat for a vast array of other organisms.

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Created On: 09/23/2011 20:55
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